Health inequalities in London

Key findings


of London's 11 year olds were obese in 2015/16, compared to 20% in the rest of England.


infant deaths per 1,000 live births, a 40% reduction since 2001-3.

64 years

is the average life expectancy without a life-limiting condition for London men.


There are differences in health outcomes between those on the highest and lowest incomes. This relationship between socio-economic circumstances and health is a graded one – that is the higher the social-economic position, the better the health. These differences in health are not just caused by genetics, behaviour or difficulties accessing medical care. They reflect, and are caused by, social and economic inequalities in society. 

Inequalities in health exist across a range of social and demographic indicators, including income, social class, occupation, housing condition, neighbourhood quality, geographic region, gender and ethnicity. Inequalities are evident in many health outcomes, including mortality, morbidity, self-reported health, mental health, death and injury from accidents and violence. This set of indicators covers: infant mortality, childhood obesity; premature death; and life expectancy at birth without a limiting long-term condition or illness for men and women. 

The rates of infant mortality and premature death in London fell between 2011 and 2015. However, child obesity rates have continued to rise, up to 23% in London. This is 3% higher than the national figure.

From our Twitter