Health inequalities in London
There are differences in health outcomes between those on the highest and lowest incomes. This relationship between socio-economic circumstances and health is a graded one – that is the higher the social-economic position, the better the health. These differences in health are not just caused by genetics, behaviour or difficulties accessing medical care. They reflect, and are caused by, social and economic inequalities in society.
Inequalities in health exist across a range of social and demographic indicators, including income, social class, occupation, housing condition, neighbourhood quality, geographic region, gender and ethnicity. Inequalities are evident in many health outcomes, including mortality, morbidity, self-reported health, mental health, death and injury from accidents and violence. This set of indicators covers: infant mortality, childhood obesity; premature death; and life expectancy at birth without a limiting long-term condition or illness for men and women.
The rates of infant mortality and premature death in London fell between 2011 and 2015. However, child obesity rates have continued to rise, up to 23% in London. This is 3% higher than the national figure.
From our Twitter
5% of new housing completions in Bromley were affordable in the three years up to 2015/16. This is far lower than the London average of 24%. pic.twitter.com/HJRPYMNWZs19 Jul 2018
58% of children in low-income families in London did not have a one-week holiday away from home with their family, because they could not afford it. https://www.trustforlondon.org.uk/data/children-and-material-deprivation/ …19 Jul 2018
Disadvantaged pupils in Bromley are 30 percentage points less likely to achieve a C or above in Maths and English than all other pupils. This is one of the largest GCSE attainment gaps in London. pic.twitter.com/5kaXv3NcRS18 Jul 2018
44% of part time jobs in London are low-paid. This figure rose significantly between 2010 and 2012, and has remained high since. https://www.trustforlondon.org.uk/data/low-paid-jobs-london-over-time/ …18 Jul 2018