Londoners born outside the UK
people moved to London from outside the UK in 2014/15. This was an increase from 170,000 in the previous two years.
Only a limited amount of data about London includes information about people's migration status. However, on this site we do have indicators about international immigration and emigration to/from London, data about rates of worklessness and some information about rough sleepers who are migrants.
Net migration into London increased to 60,000 in 2014/2015. This is the highest figure since 2010/2011, and reflects international immigration of almost 140,000. (Please note these figures pre-date the EU referendum.) However, the greatest driver of London's population growth remains an increased birth rate and reduce death rate, rather than migration.
38% of Londoners were not born in the UK, compared to 11% in the Rest of England. The highest proportion of Londoners born overseas are in Inner West, Outer West and Northwest London.
Education data does not reflect children's migration status but it does record whether children speak English as a first language, which may reflect their parents' migration. 40% (and 51% in Inner London) of London's pupils do not speak English as a first language. It is one of London's successes that pupils who do not speak English as their first language have similar GCSE attainment to those who do. Find out more here.
The likelihood of being in paid work varies hugely by country of birth, often reflecting whether people are economic migrants or seeking sanctuary. Men born in Romania have the lowest rates of worklessness (4%) compared to 37% of men born in Somalia. For women, those most likely to be in paid work are born in Lithuania; least likely were born in Afghanistan. Find out more here.
Rough sleeping in London has doubled since 2010, with a notable rise among Londoners from Central and Eastern Europe - from 300 in 2007 to 2,900 by 2015/16. The figure dropped to 2,300 in 2016/17, the first fall in over a decade.
Some very vulnerable migrants - such as asylum-seekers, undocumented migrants or trafficked people - are extremely unlikely to be visible in the figures we cover here. You can find out more about Trust for London's other work on migration issues here.
You may also be interested in data about BME Londoners, which will include some migrants.
From our Twitter
More working households in London are in poverty than they were a decade ago. The number of adult Londoners in poverty from working families rose from 566,000 to 833,000 between 2005/06 and 2015/16 (a 47% rise). For children, the increase was 303,000 to 477,000 (a 57% rise). pic.twitter.com/gjNTJMVdwQ23 Apr 2018
London’s population is younger than the rest of England’s. London has a lower proportion of people in every age bracket above 45 years than the rest of England. pic.twitter.com/DWQ3g0Gvv822 Apr 2018
Teenagers are the group who are most likely to be leaving Outer London. pic.twitter.com/JBvdqUKKHl21 Apr 2018
More people moved into than out of London every year since 2004/5. But the main driver of London’s population growth is its birth rate being higher than its death rate pic.twitter.com/H4zfLrooIg20 Apr 2018
New @centreforlondon report finds 70% of Londoners have lived here for 10+ years. More on London’s population at: http://www.trustforlondon.org.uk/data/londons-population-country-birth …19 Apr 2018