London's geography and population

Key population statistics for London and it's sub-regions

Region Total population Population change (2010-2020) Population per km2 % BME % not UK-born
London sub-region: Central 1,607,000 14% 12,475 34% 40%
London sub-region: East 2,869,200 13% 6,214 44% 37%
London sub-region: North 999,000 9% 2,164 34% 37%
London sub-region: South 1,644,400 8% 4,221 31% 31%
London sub-region: West 1,882,800 6% 4,770 50% 40%
London 9,002,400 10% 5,727 40% 37%
Rest of England 47,547,700 6% 369 11% 11%

Data source: Mid-year population estimates (2020), Population of the UK by country of birth and nationality ONS (2020), via NOMIS. Ethnic group populations from Annual Population Survey ONS (2020), via London Datastore.

More than 9.0 million people live in London. Between 2010 and 2020, London’s population increased at a faster rate than the rest of England. Central London saw the biggest increase (14%), closely followed by East London with 13%. London’s overall growth of 10% is higher than the rest of England’s growth of 6%. 

Central London has the highest level of population density with 12,475 people per km2, which is over twice the level of London overall. Still, London overall is 15 times more dense than the rest of England, with 5,727 and 369 people per km2 respectively.

40% of Londoners are Black and Minority Ethnic and 37% are not born in the UK. West London has the highest proportion (50%) of its population that are Black and Minority Ethnic and 40% who are not UK-born. These proportions are much higher in comparison to the population in the rest of England, where only 11% of the population are Black and Minority Ethnic and 11% are born outside of the UK.

London's sub-regions (2018)