Gender

Use the interactive tool below to navigate indicators that show how poverty and inequality affects men and women in London.

Gender: Indicators

Actual weekly hours by gross weekly pay quintile (2010-2020 (Q2/Q3))

Looking at hours worked within London and the rest of England can give us useful insight on our working patterns pre- and post-pandemic. Actual hours worked are heavily impacted by external factors, such as a pandemic, whereas usual hours are not expected to change much over the years.

Actual hours worked vary more across time and in particular between 2019 and 2020 for the bottom income quintiles. The decline in actual hours worked for the 2nd income quintile is most extreme between 2019 and 2020. Whereas in the rest of England, there is a clear decline for almost all quintiles but is most prominent in the bottom quintile.

Additionally, when disaggregating the data by gender we see a large gap between the amount of actual hours (and a smaller gap for usual hours) worked between men and women across the years. One reason could be because n…

Economic activity status of Londoners aged 16 and over (2020/21 Q1)

Nearly 4.69 million Londoners - 66% of the adult population - were in work of some kind as measured across the year to March 2021. This is higher than the 59% of adults who are employed in the rest of England. Nearly three in ten adults in London are classed as economically inactive (30%).

There are over 268,200 more men in work in London than women. The men who work in London are also more likely to be self-employed, with 13% of men who work in London doing so for themselves compared to 8% of women.

Women are significantly more likely to be economically inactive than men, with 35% of women not working compared to 26% of men. For many types of inactivity, women and men have very similar rates, including long-term sickness, studying and temporary sickness.

However, women were significantly more likely to not be working because they were look…

Life expectancy at birth by London borough (2017-19)

This indicator shows overall life expectancy at birth as well as healthy life expectancy. The latter indicates the number of years a person can expect to live in good health rather than with a disability or in poor health.

Overall life expectancy is higher for women than for men in 2017 to 2019. This is true across all London boroughs. However, this is less clear for healthy life expectancy, with some boroughs having a longer healthy life expectancy for men than women. For example, healthy life expectancy for men in Tower Hamlets is 62.6 years whereas for women it is only 59.4 years.

The highest life expectancy for both men and women is in Westminster, with 84.9 and 87.2 respectively. The lowest life expectancy for both men (78.1 years) and women (82.3 years) is found in Barking and Dagenham, however it is notable that the borough performs…

People sleeping rough in London by nationality (2008/09 - 2019/20)

The number of people sleeping rough in London has almost trebled in a decade. Some 10,726 people were recorded sleeping rough in the capital in 2019/20 compared to 3,673 in 2009/10. 

Most people sleeping rough are white, although the number of BAME people sleeping rough has risen faster than the number of white people. Of the people whose nationality is known, around half are British citizens, with EU citizens making up most of the rest. A large majority (83%) of people sleeping rough in London are men.

More people sleep rough in Central London than in any other part of the capital. This has been the case for some time, but the proportion of people sleeping rough who do so in Central London has fallen from over two thirds in 2011/12 to around half in 2019/20. This has been primarily driven by a rise in rough sleeping in East London.

This in…

Poverty rates by demographic characteristics in London (2019/20)

Poverty rates vary significantly across different demographic groups in London and the rest of England.

Overall, poverty rates amongst men and women are similar. However, in the rest of England both men and women have a lower poverty rate (both 21%) compared to those in London (28% and 29% respectively).

Both in London and the Rest of England, poverty rates are higher for BME people (39% and 38%) than for White groups (21% and 19%). Amongst the different family types, single parents with children are most likely to experience poverty. In London, 53% of this group were in poverty in 2019/20. Between 2014/15 and 2019/20, London pensioners experienced the largest increase in poverty rates. The poverty rate for couple pensioners rose by 6 percentage points (from 15% to 21%) and for single pensioners also by 6 percentage points (from 22% to 28%…

Unemployment counts in London by sex (Mar-May 1992 to Mar-May 2021)

The number of unemployed people in London almost halved since its post-financial crisis peak in 2011 (421,000) to 209,000 in 2019. The unemployment count has increased significantly in 2021 to 329,000 people, reaching levels not seen since 2014. This increase is likely the result of the slowdown of the economy caused by the coronavirus pandemic, the very start of which is captured by this indicator. Other factors, such as those put on furlough and the change in inactivity within the labour market, should also be considered.

Over the past three decades, the gender split of unemployment has become more even. In 1993 there were almost two unemployed men for every unemployed woman, but by 2014 the numbers were broadly similar with 167,000 of both genders unemployed. Since then, unemployment had fallen consistently for women (91,000 in 2019) a…

Proportion of workers in London in temporary employment (2009-2020)

Over 5% of people in work in London are on temporary contracts. Temporary contracts are more prevalent amongst women in work than men: 50% more women than men were on a temporary contract in 2020.  

The proportion of workers on temporary contracts has remained relatively consistent over the past decade, fluctuating between just under 5% and just over 6% of all workers. In 2020, 1.27% of women in work and 0.56% of men in work were on a temporary contract and reported that it was because they could not find a permanent job.

Worklessness for men and women in London by country of birth (2020/21 Q1)

In 2020/21, of men in London who were born overseas, those from the Philippines have the highest rate of worklessness (26%). Of women in London who were born overseas, the highest rate of worklessness is 69%, for those born in Pakistan.

South Africa has the lowest rates of worklessness for women (11%), while the USA has the lowest rate for men (1%). For most countries, the worklessness rate is higher for women than men, although this trend does not hold true for those born in South Africa, Ireland or Italy.