Infant mortality over time

What does this chart show?

Infant mortality* in London and England from 2001–03 to 2013– 15. Infant mortality is a sensitive measure of the overall health of a population. It is an indicator of the association between the causes of infant mortality and other factors which influence the health of a population, such as economic development, living conditions, well-being and rates of illness.** In 2013–15 infant mortality in London was 3.4 per 1,000 live births, which was lower than the England average of 3.9. 

The infant mortality rate has come down since 2001–03 in both England and London. However, in 2001–03, London had a marginally higher rate than England (5.7 to 5.4), and Inner London (6.3) had a much higher rate than England. Outer London was lower at 5.2. 

In the course of just over a decade, there has been a large fall in infant mortality rates in both London and England. The rate in Inner London has seen the biggest fall from 6.3 deaths per 1,000 live births in 2001–03 to 3.6 in 2013–15. England has seen the smallest fall during this time period from 5.4 to 3.9. Because the fall in both Inner and Outer London has been faster than in England, the Inner London rate is now lower than the England rate and the Outer London rate is much lower.

*This is the death of children under the age of one year.

**Department of Health (2007) Review of the Health Inequalities Infant Mortality PSA Target. DH.

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