Income distribution

Date 1 September 2017
Date updated 20 April 2020

Proportion of total net and gross income before housing costs held in each decile (2017/18)

Those in the bottom half of the net income distribution in London take home less than a quarter (23.9%) of London’s total net income (before housing costs). On its own, the top decile of London households takes home 31.7% of total net income.

The impact of redistribution through the tax and benefit system can also be seen in this chart; the top decile holds a lower proportion of total net income (31.7), than it does of gross income (36.3%). In contrast, the bottom decile of London households hold 1.3% of total gross income but 1.8% of total net income.

Compared to London, the top decile in the rest of England holds a lower proportion of total net income (26.9%). However, a higher proportion of total gross income is held in this decile in the rest of England (40%).

Those in the bottom decile in the rest of England, in both total net and gross income, hold a larger proportion than in London (2.7% and 3.3% respectively).