Income distribution

Proportion of total net and gross income before housing costs held in each decile (2019/20)

Those in the bottom half of the net income distribution in London take home less than a quarter (23.1%) of London’s total net income (before housing costs). On its own, the top decile of London households takes home 33.4% of total net income.

The impact of redistribution through the tax and benefit system can also be seen in this chart; the top decile holds a lower proportion of total net income (33.4%), than it does of gross income (38.2%). In contrast, the bottom decile of London households hold 1.6% of total gross income but 1.8% of total net income. 

Compared to London, the top decile in the rest of England holds a lower proportion of total net (26.6%) and gross income (30.42). Those in the bottom decile in the rest of England, in both total net and gross income, hold a larger proportion than in London (2.6% and 2.5%, respectively).