Poverty before and after housing costs by age

Date 20 April 2020
Date updated 20 April 2020

Proportion of Londoners in poverty after housing costs by age band (2017/18)

In both London and the rest of England, poverty rates (after housing costs) are highest amongst children and young people.

In London:

  • More than a quarter of a million (250,000) children aged four and under live in households in poverty - more than any other age group;
  • More than a third of children aged up to 14 are in households in poverty (38% of those aged 0-4, 32% of those aged 5-9 and 37% of those aged 10-14); and
  • Nearly half (44%) of those aged 15-19 live in households that are in poverty.

In contrast, one in five Londoners aged 35-39 (21%) live in households that are in poverty - the lowest rate for any age group.

Poverty rates in London are higher than those in the rest of England for people of all ages.

The impacts of housing costs on poverty in the capital can again be seen by comparing these findings to those from measures of poverty before housing costs (BHC). Poverty rates before housing costs are lower for all age groups, but the gap tends to be lower for older individuals, reflecting the fact that they are more likely to own their property and have lower housing costs. This means that BHC poverty rates for those aged over 40 are higher in comparison to the rest of the population than they are for AHC measures.

Proportion of Londoners in poverty before housing costs by age band (2017/18)