Employment-related deprivation

Date 20 April 2020
Date updated 20 April 2020

English Indices of Deprivation: Employment Deprivation (2019)

This map shows the Employment deprivation domain, one of the domains that forms the Index of Multiple Deprivation for England, 2019. Deciles are with respect to the England-wide data, so, for example, an area in the "most deprived decile" is one of the most deprived 10% of areas across England.

The Employment deprivation domain makes up 22.5% of the overall index. It measures the proportion of the working age population in an area involuntarily excluded from the labour market. This includes people who would like to work but are unable to do so due to unemployment, sickness or disability, or caring responsibilities. Data used to construct this domain includes Claimants of Jobseeker's Allowance, Claimants of Employment and Support Allowance, Claimants of Incapacity Benefit, Claimants of Severe Disablement Allowance, Claimants of Carer's Allowance and Claimants of Universal Credit in the 'Searching for work' and 'No work requirements' conditionality groups. This is measured against the underlying working age population (aged 18-59/64).

The map here uses a diverging colour scale which highlights both areas of very high employment deprivation (shown as dark red) and areas of very low employment deprivation (in dark blue).

London has areas throughout which fall into both ends of the scale, however the city's substantial employment opportunities and connectivity mean that only a few areas are marked as having very high employment deprivation, while quite substantial parts of the capital have very low employment deprivation, when ranked with respect to the whole of England, as is done in this map.

Larger areas of relatively high employment deprivation with respect to the whole of England, where 5 or more "LSOA" spatial areas in close spatial proximity fall into this category, include parts of North Kensington, Harlesden in Brent, the Warwick Estate in north Westminster, and some areas around Hornsey Road in north Islington. Outer boroughs generally only have small pockets of high employment deprivation.

Larger areas of relatively low employment deprivation include Totteridge in Barnet, Hampstead, Knightsbridge, Kensington, St Margarets in Richmond upon Thames, Teddington, Wimbledon Village, Crofton in Bromley, Woodford in Redbridge and Eastcote in Hillingdon. Most areas are either suburban or in the affluent heart of London.

Source: English Index of Multiple Deprivation 2019.