Child poverty and housing tenure

Date 1 September 2017
Date updated 6 October 2017

Children in poverty by housing tenure

What does this chart show?

This graph looks at which housing tenure children in poverty live in. Over the three years to 2015/16, there were around 300,000 children living in poverty in the private rented sector, and 290,000 living in poverty in the social rented sector. There were far fewer living in owner-occupation, at 70,000.

However, the numbers of children in poverty in each of these tenures have followed very different trajectories. The number of children in poverty in the social rented sector fell to 240,000 in 2009–12, but has since increased again. In contrast, there were fewer than 100,000 children in poverty in private rented accommodation in the late 1990s. Since 2004–07, this number has roughly tripled.

The number of children in poverty in owner-occupation has been falling in recent years, by around 40,000 since 2011–14.

Expressed as a proportion, over half of children in both the social rented sector and private rented sector are in households in poverty, each at 55%. 13% of children in owner-occupation are in poverty. This illustrates a potential gulf in life chances for children, based on which tenure they live in. Another way of expressing this is that among all the children living in poverty, 11% are in owner-occupied housing, 44% are in the social rented sector, and 45% are in the private rented sector.