Poverty over time

Date 1 September 2017
Date updated 20 April 2020

Proportion of people in poverty over time after housing costs (1996/97 - 2017/18)

More than a quarter (28%) of Londoners live in households that are in poverty (after housing costs - AHC), meaning that 2.4 million Londoners live in poverty. The poverty rate (AHC) in London is 7 percentage points higher than in the rest of England 

The proportion of households in poverty after housing costs (AHC) was relatively stable between 1996/97 and 2017/18:

  • In London poverty rates varied between 26% and 30%; and
  • in the rest of England poverty rates varied between 20% and 24%.

Poverty rates (AHC) in London have been higher than in the rest of England for at least the last two decades.

In contrast, poverty rates before housing costs (BHC) over the last 20 years have been more similar between London and the rest of England. Current rates of BHC poverty are higher in the rest of England (17%) than in London (15%). Again, this shows the large impact of the cost of housing as a driver of poverty in the capital.

Proportion of people in poverty over time before housing costs (1996/97 - 2017/18)

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