Workers paid below the London Living Wage
The relationship between poverty and low pay is complicated. Low pay alone does not necessarily mean poverty – there are other factors, such as the amount of in-work benefits received by the family, the income of a partner or other family members, family size and housing costs, which are particularly important in London.
The focus of these indicators is identifying who is likely to be low-paid and therefore potentially at increased risk of being in poverty. The term low pay is used to mean anyone paid below the London Living Wage.
The London Living Wage is calculated independently in relation to living costs. This is different to the mandatory National Living Wage, which was £7.20 an hour from April 2016 for workers aged over 25. The most recent data and analysis reflects the London Living Wage set at £9.75 an hour, with earlier years using previous rates (listed here). The rate for 2017/18 is £10.20.
People who are BAME are more likely to be low paid, especially people from Bangladeshi or Pakistani origin, and women are more likely to be low paid than men (although low paid workers who are full-time are more likely to be men). 21% of employed Londoners are paid below the London Living Wage, which is the same as last year's figure. 18% of jobs in London are low paid (including part time jobs). Nearly 64% of jobs in the hospitality sector pay below the London Living Wage – by far the highest of any industry. The next highest rate is in retail and wholesale, where 41% of jobs are low paid.
Low pay: indicators
Low-paid residents by borough
Low-paid jobs by borough
Low pay by ethnicity
Low pay by industry
Low pay by disability
From our Twitter
5% of new housing completions in Bromley were affordable in the three years up to 2015/16. This is far lower than the London average of 24%. pic.twitter.com/HJRPYMNWZs19 Jul 2018
58% of children in low-income families in London did not have a one-week holiday away from home with their family, because they could not afford it. https://www.trustforlondon.org.uk/data/children-and-material-deprivation/ …19 Jul 2018
Disadvantaged pupils in Bromley are 30 percentage points less likely to achieve a C or above in Maths and English than all other pupils. This is one of the largest GCSE attainment gaps in London. pic.twitter.com/5kaXv3NcRS18 Jul 2018
44% of part time jobs in London are low-paid. This figure rose significantly between 2010 and 2012, and has remained high since. https://www.trustforlondon.org.uk/data/low-paid-jobs-london-over-time/ …18 Jul 2018