Benefits & welfare reform
of Londoners claimed an out-of-work benefit in 2016. This is a lower proportion than the rest of England.
The social security system has a major impact on poverty because benefits are a key income component for poorer families, both in-work and out-of-work. Benefit payments made up 46% of disposable income on average for a UK family in the bottom fifth of the income distribution in 2015/2016. As such, low income families are greatly affected by changes/reductions to social security benefits.
This set of indicators highlights the reduced generosity of the welfare system and the removal of some protections for those at the bottom of the income distribution.
The Coalition and Conservative Governments have implemented a major programme of cuts and changes since 2010. Some of these were made directly to the current benefit system, for example through the 'bedroom tax' (or 'underoccupation penalty'); others are coming into effect as claimants move to Universal Credit, which is slowly being rolled out to replace six means-tested benefits. In addition, benefits have been frozen until 2020, but inflation means that benefit incomes will be reduced in real terms.
The proportion of the working age population claiming out-of-work benefits in London has dropped to 8%, compared to 12% in 2010. The percentage of unemployed people who claim benefits has fallen during this time though, suggesting that there is a widening gap between benefit receipt and benefit need. The benefit cap, introduced in 2013 and reduced further in 2016, affected 15,300 households in 2017 – particularly affecting families with children. The number of benefit sanctions across London has reduced significantly from its peak in 2012, down to 40,000. This may rise again if the Universal Credit sanction rate does not go down as it is rolled out further though, because the sanction rate for Universal Credit in 2016 was 6% - higher than the Job Seeker's Allowance sanction rate has ever been.
From our Twitter
5% of new housing completions in Bromley were affordable in the three years up to 2015/16. This is far lower than the London average of 24%. pic.twitter.com/HJRPYMNWZs19 Jul 2018
58% of children in low-income families in London did not have a one-week holiday away from home with their family, because they could not afford it. https://www.trustforlondon.org.uk/data/children-and-material-deprivation/ …19 Jul 2018
Disadvantaged pupils in Bromley are 30 percentage points less likely to achieve a C or above in Maths and English than all other pupils. This is one of the largest GCSE attainment gaps in London. pic.twitter.com/5kaXv3NcRS18 Jul 2018
44% of part time jobs in London are low-paid. This figure rose significantly between 2010 and 2012, and has remained high since. https://www.trustforlondon.org.uk/data/low-paid-jobs-london-over-time/ …18 Jul 2018