London's geography and population

Date 1 September 2017
Date updated 31 May 2018
What does this chart show?
Map of London's sub-regions
Image: London is divided into these 5 sub-regions for some administrative and data purposes.
Population of London's sub-regions
Image: London's population by sub-region.

The map and table show London's sub-regions and the breakdown of its population.

Inner East & South London’s population grew the fastest of any of London’s sub-regions over the last decade, by 24%. Inner West’s population grew the slowest, at 8%, the same rate as the rest of England. However, the Inner West still has a similar population density to the Inner East & South.

Inner East & South London has the highest population density of all of London’s sub-regions, 11,200 people per square km. The London average is 5,590 people per square km and the lowest density sub-region is Outer South with 3,600 people per square km. London’s overall population density average is higher than the UK’s next two largest cities. Birmingham has an average of 4,110 people per square km, and Manchester has 4,485 people per square km.

The London sub-regions with the highest proportion of BME population is the Outer West & North West (47%), followed by the Inner East & South (46%). The sub-region with the lowest proportion of BME is Outer South (31%), although this is still triple the rest of England (10%).

The Inner West is the only sub-region to have a higher proportion of the population not born in the UK (45%) than BME (34%). This is because a quarter (25%) of the population of the Inner West is White foreign-born.