19-year-old qualifications

What does this chart show?

Educational attainment improved more in London than in the rest of England in the early part of the last decade, but since 2012/13, improvements have stalled in many areas. The exception is Level 3 attainment in Inner London, where the proportion of 19-year-olds lacking these qualifications has continued to decline steadily.

 In 2016, 19-year-olds in the rest of England were more likely to lack Level 3 qualifications than those in London. 34% of 19-year-olds in Outer London lacked Level 3 qualifications (AS and A-Level qualifications)*, compared with 35% in Inner London and 44% in the rest of England.

The proportion of 19-year-olds lacking Level 2 (GCSE-level qualifications)** is similar in London and the rest of England. 14% of 19-year-olds in Inner London and 12% in Outer London lacked Level 2 qualifications compared with 15% in the rest of England. 

Across England, the fall in 19-year-olds lacking Level 3 qualifications was mainly driven by an increase in young people achieving a Level 3 through apprenticeships and vocational qualifications, with the proportion achieving A-levels remaining flat.***

* Examples of Level 3 qualification: 4 AS levels A – E or 1 NVQ Level 3 pass.

** Some examples of the qualifications for Level 2: 5 A*-C GCSEs; 1 NVQ Level 2 Pass; 2 AS Levels A-E; 1 Apprenticeship Pass.

*** Department for Education (2017) Level 2 and 3 attainment in England: Attainment by age 19 in 2016 Technical document Department for Education.

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